Metropolitan Delta Landscapes: water systems as a mean of spatial improvement

The explosive character of urban development in many deltas leads often to chaotic and fragmented urban patterns, combined with an increase of flood risk, an exhaustion and erosion of the territory and the deterioration of the ecosystem. The question is how a new (and necessary) organisation of the water system can contribute to halt the erosion of the territory and to reduce flood risk, as well as to improve the spatial coherence and the ecological quality of the delta region.

Theme Leaders:

dr. Steffen Nijhuis, dr.arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
with Han Meyer, dr. Fransje Hooimeijer, Inge Bobbink, dr. Diego Sepulveda, dr. Daniele Cannatella, dr. Nikki Brand, dr. Baukje Kothuis, ir. Janneke van Bergen

Related Research Projects:

Adaptive Urban Transformation (AUT


Integrated Planning and Design in the Delta (IPDD)

Related Publications/ Examples: 

Meyer, H., Nijhuis, S., & Bobbink, I. (Eds.). (2010). Delta urbanism: the Netherlands. American Planning Association/ Techne Press

Kothuis, B. & Kok, M. (Eds.). (2017) Integral Design of Multifunctional Flood Defences. Multidisciplinary approaches and examples. Delft University Publishers, Delft University Library.

Meijer, V.J., Peters, R., Bacchin, T.K., Hooimeijer, F., Nijhuis, S. (2016) A plea for putting the issue of Urbanizing Deltas on the New Urban Agenda, UN Habitat III. Delta Alliance, TUDelft & Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Related Education: 

Transitional Territories Graduation Studio 

Flowscapes Graduation Studio

Related Graduation Projects/ Examples: 

Novkovikj, M. (2018) Open space as a structuring device: Towards integrating territory. EMU Post Master in Urbanism – TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018.

Akrivou, M. (2018) Riverscapes _ A dialogue between Rhine and cityscapes: The case of Arnhem. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018.

Ayu Tri, P. (2018) The Living Estuary: A Study of Developing Landscape Spatial Adaptive Strategies to Integrate the Water, Ecosystem and Anthropo-Dynamics in the Estuary of Volta Delta, Ghana TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018.

Kanekar, S. (2017) Land | Waterscape as projective infrastructure: To condition landscape as an infrastructure addressing hydrological uncertainties within deltaic territories. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2017.


Exposure (2010), Antony Gormley. Foto: Allard Bovenberg