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Transitional Territories Studio — 2019-2020 North Sea Landscapes of Coexistence: New Academic Year

Daniel Spoerri
Topographie anécdotée du hasard
1962 | © 2019 Daniel Spoerri / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ProLitteris, Switzerland

Transitional Territories Studio
2019-2020

 

North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence.
A Topography of Chance

“The sea was the beginning and the end of everything” 
— Fred D’Aguiar

“Humans cannot live, nor live in security, unless they assume that the active struggle between earth and water is over, or at least contained”
— Gilles Deleuze

 

Studio Leader
dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, t.bacchin (at) tudelft.nl

Special Guest Professors
prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons
prof.ir. Han Meyer

Instructors/ Mentors
dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
dr.ir. 
Luisa Calabrese
dr. Fransje Hooimeijer

dr. Diego Sepulveda Carmona
dr. Daniele Cannatella
ir. Geert van der Meulen

Guest Mentors (project based staff)
List to be announced soon.

Graduation Sections/ Chairs
Urban Design
Architectural Design Crossovers
Environmental Modelling
Landscape Architecture
Hydraulic Structures & Flood Risk (Faculty of Civil Engineering & Geosciences)
Policy Analysis (Faculty of Technology, Policy & Management)

In collaboration with — Special Lecture Series Program
Delta Futures Lab
MVI North Sea Energy Lab

DRIFT, Dutch Research Institute for Transition
Oslo School of Architecture and Design
Satelliet Group
Formafantasma
Atlas of Places


 

Transitional Territories is an interdisciplinary design studio (MSc. Architecture and MSc. Urbanism tracks in collaboration with Landscape Architecture, Hydraulic Structures & Flood Risk, Policy Analysis) focusing on the notion of territory as a constructed project across scales, subjects and media. In particular, the studio focuses on the agency of design in territories at risk between land and water (maritime, riverine, delta landscapes), and the dialectical (or inseparable) relation between nature and culture.

Informed by Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Spatial Planning & Urban Design theory & research, the studio explores—through design and representation—new pathways of inquiry moving beyond traditional methods and concepts. During the graduation year, students will develop an analytic, critical and conceptual approach to design and learn how to use the project as knowledge producer (Viganò, 2016) by means of cartography, system analysis, phenomenology (of time/ space), narration, process based design, scenario planning and systems thinking (uncertainty). The scale of individual projects can vary from buildings and (infra)structures to entire landscapes and regions. The studio is founded on notions of complexity, territorialism, infrastructure space, (landscape) ecology, environmental risk (extremes), geophilosophy, biopolitics, transition and policy analysis.

 


 

For the academic year 2019-2020, starting in September 2019, Transitional Territories Studio closes the three year-long cycle on the North Sea, focusing on the transformation of its territory throughout history and on its future ecology, landscapes, (political, architectural) spaces and flows (resources, logistics and migration). These changes are seen in different levels — from the transcalar and often invisible levels of processes to the scale of the architecture. As territory, the North Sea is understood as both abstract/ dematerialised space (political) and as concrete/ materialised space (architectural), that is, as a socially appropriated space.

After having disclosed, represented and analysed its past, present, and future geography over the past two years, this time the studio will project and delineate a radically different space for the North Sea territory. Inspired by the ‘Topographie Anecdotée du Hasard’ by Daniel Spoerri, the studio will set in motion a conversation between six lines of inquiry for the future of the North Sea region, briefed together with a group of artists, architects, philosophers, policy makers, scientists, and engineers. The final result of such a dialogue is a fluid topography, a fragmented inventory of objects and relations, in constant transformation throughout the year, where every individual project has a specific relational power.

Therefore, in the ‘North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence, A Topography of Chance Studio’ we will celebrate the coexistence between different claims in the sea, ranging from extractivism, energy, fishery, ecology, logistics and migration to carbon storage and climatic shifts structured into six lines of inquiry. Under this framework, the sea is not seen anymore as an extra-territorial space and a limit to the land, but rather as the central space through which the political, environmental, economic and societal questions could be addressed. In this way any spatial proposition, whether landscape, urban or architectural, would be challenged and revisited through the lens of the sea and its adjacent land, and by designed / desired associations and the agency of each individual project.

Six lines of inquiry:
— ‘The oceanic project’
edge, island state(s), power

— ‘Flux, erasure, terraforming’
inundation, erosion, ice

‘A pervasive ecology of flows
energy, fishery, logistics, migration, data

— ‘Capital’
oil / minerals / sand

— ‘The dual nature of externalities’
polluted grounds, salt intrusion, carbon and methane emissions, extreme weather

— ‘Crises of representation’
political divisions, cultural heritage, assemblages and dissonances


Scales and subjects:

Territory
Infrastructure
Landscape
Ground
Body

Geographic locations:
Land, coastal or sea locations/ cities and specific sites at the North Sea countries  Norway, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, England, Scotland.

The specific project location is of choice/ open to each individual project.

Theater of Combustion, Photography, Michael Hirschbichler. [Imagery collection. TT 2018-2019. MSc. Architecture, Author: Danny Arakji]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence — A territorial perspective
Historically, the North Sea has been a contested territory. While bordering the mainland Europe it has been often turned into a platform for geopolitical affairs with the UK as well as the Nordic countries. Such strategic role has manifested itself in various military, religious, economic, and social ties and divides, which has consequently made the North Sea a confliction common ground. The ongoing refugee crisis or the Brexit are only very recent examples of such a long history. As a result, the sea is not seen anymore a periphery of Europe but rather a central territory and a point of departure through which the idea of Europe would be defined or challenged. Therefore, in the North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio we would celebrate these controversial aspects of the sea, not anymore as an extra-territorial space and a limit to the land, but rather as the main point an autonomous entity through which the political, environmental, economic and societal questions could be addressed. In this way any spatial proposition, whether landscape, urban or architectural, would be challenged and revisited through the lens of the North Sea as a referenced territory for new spatial interventions. Students are encouraged to redefine the role of the territory of the sea and particularly its land borders/ coastal cities, addressing the complex, yet not so visible, spatial, juridical, environmental and geopolitical natures of the North Sea.

Studio Assignment

During the graduation year students will be asked to reflect on aspects of spatial morphology (scale, form, structure, performance), landform (geology, altimetry/bathymetry, topography), and the diachrony and diversity of mechanisms (e.g. logistics, energy production, coastal management, migration) re-shaping the North Sea continuously. TT studio individual projects will be sited in different geographic locations (of choice) along the sea’s north, central and south coastlines. Within the scope of the TT studio, students will be able to formulate their fascination and choose their own assignment (design, engineering, policy) which can vary from buildings, constructions and public works to urban areas, landscapes and regions.

Studio Meta-Themes

– Risk and beyond: exploring a projective dimension towards the sea (and/or triggered by the sea), and in the specific context of the North Sea region

– Exploration of the limit: the notion of “limit” as conceptual framework at the base for an explorative design research in the North Sea region

– Water related design as a creative (or, conversely, innovative) form for reimagining Architecture/Urbanism/Landscape Architecture/Water Engineering purpose and their collective character

Studio objectives

  • To develop an innovative didactic exchange among the disciplines of Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Water Engineering and Policy Analysis
  • To operate analytical research at the large territorial scale of lowland regions
  • To formulate comprehensive Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Engineering and Policy design strategies (considering the different spatial and temporal scales relevant for the design)
  • To elaborate and apply a comprehensive Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Water Engineering and Policy Analysis research and innovative design methodologies
  • To prepare students to work/ initiate both research and design projects in design offices and governmental departments

Learning objectives

  • Students will be able to operate analytical research across scale – from, territorial, landscape scales, to architectural, object scales
  • Students specific architectural/urban/landscape/engineering/policy interscalar design task
  • Students will be able to share and integrate knowledge from other disciplines
  • Students will be able to formulate a highly individualised design approach
  • Students will be able to apply innovative design methodologies and creative techniques for their design
  • Students will be able to select and apply comprehensive constructive techniques
  • Students will be able to express and represent their design ideas at appropriate scales through writings, drawings, and physical models

Additional information please visit:
TUDelft Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment – MSc3/4 Studio TT 2019-2020

 

Example of students work

North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio 2017-2018
End-of-the-year MSc4 Exhibition Book

North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio 2018-2019
MSc3 Exhibition (Project – Concept Phase) Book

North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio 2018-2019
MSc3 Exhibition (Research Phase II) Book ‘Islands—Tides’

Transitional Territories Studio — 2018-2019 North Sea Landscapes of Coexistence: Altered Natures and the Architecture of Extremes

Personal Island, Floriade, Zoetemeer (temporary), 1992. Acconci Studio (V.A., Luis Vera, Jenny Schrider)

 

 

 

 

 

 

“[…]
Look, it’s a body, floating into the land
No, it’s a body swimming out into the water
No, it’s the land itself, here, that is a body
A body of land
It’s the water itself that’s a body of water
[…]”
—Nicolas Jaar. Être. Space is Only Noise. 

We started our new academic year and the second year of a three year-long research and pedagogical project on the North Sea Region.

For the academic year 2018-2019 Transitional Territories Studio focuses on the idea of ‘Altered Natures’, in face of continual violation of the earth system caused by human-induced forcings. The method of research-by-design is applied in order to cast light on a diverse meaning of urbanisation and to inform the design practice (being architectural, political, and/or environmental) under the lens of a territorial project. Hereby, we aim to investigate the possibility of new spatio-temporal formations and occupation between sea and land — or the establishment of new ground and its infrastructure space that arise from a revised balance between society and nature. By necessity, the understanding of these new formations comes as the idea of a parallel world — or The Last Lands (after Maria Ludovica Santini, 2016) — to be regarded as distant from traditional dynamics, in search for a new significance, or a lost identity and representation of being.

‘The Last Lands’ will be investigated as part of the Architecture and Hydraulic Engineering tracks – focusing on a new construction orientation within the territory of the North Sea. The program is supported by a workshop and lecture series in February 2019 on ‘Seascape Architecture’.

For the Urbanism, Landscape Architecture, and Policy Analysis tracks, the studio will centre the attention on a new development logic of the North Sea territory — addressing the state of exposure and the unfolding fragilities of its societal, cultural, political, economic, and ecological systems. The program is supported by the upcoming lecture series in October 2018 on ‘The North Sea’.

Both lecture series are curated by the studio special guest prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons (H+N+S Landscape Architects) under the framework of the MVI North Sea Energy Lab.

 Studio Program  First Semester 2018-2019:

— MSc3 Lecture Series Research Module: The North Sea
25th September – 29th October.
Curated/ convened by prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons and dr.arch. Taneha K. Bacchin / under the framework of the North Sea Energy Lab

Introduction
September 25, 2018
09:30 – 11:30
TPM Faculty – Classroom H
·      Taneha K. Bacchin, TUDelft, ‘North Sea Landscapes of Coexistence’
·      Han Meyer, TUDelft, ‘Lowlands’

Ecology
October 2, 2018
09:30 – 11:30
TPM Faculty – Classroom H
·      Kim Cohen, University of Utrecht, ‘The paleogeographical history of the North Sea’
·      Tinka Murk, WUR, Marine Animal Ecology, ‘Sketch of the current marine ecological system and perspectives’

Energy
October 9, 2018
09:30 – 11:30
TPM Faculty – Classroom H
·      Dirk Sijmons, TUDelft / H+N+S Landscape Architects, ‘The energy transition and its spatial implications’
·      Ernst van Zuijlen, Director of Windwerk, ‘The deployment of Offshore wind’

Protein
October 16
09:30 – 11:30
TPM Faculty – Classroom H
·      Eelco Leemans, ‘Fishery aspects of the North Sea’
·      Willem Brandenburg, WUR, ‘Marine aquaculture and protein production’

Planning and Policy
October 29
09:30 – 12:30
BK Faculty – Berlagezaal 1
·      Welcome of the Architecture Association School of Architecture, Diploma Unit 7  Fluid Territories: The North Sea. Studio Masters: Hamed Khosravi and Platon Issaias

·      Leo de Vrees, Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, ‘(Inter)national North Sea policy’
·      Jan Matthijsen, Ed Dammers & Hans Elzenga, PBL Dutch Environmental Assessment Agency, ‘The Future of the North Sea’

Sand
November 20
09:30 – 12:30
BK Faculty – Classroom U
·      Ferdinand Diermanse, Deltares, ‘Sea level rise scenarios and its consequences for water safety and sand excavation’
·      Maarten de Jong, Imares, ‘Ecology of deep sand excavation’

Culture
November 27
09:30 – 12:30
BK Faculty – Classroom U
·      Jacqueline Heerema, Artists Collective Satellietgroep, ‘Zandmotor, a cultural phenomenon’
·      Esther Kokmeijer, Visual/ Conceptual Artist, ‘Deep meaning of voyaging’

 

— Field Trip 
29th October – 3rd November, 2018
Curated by Taneha K. Bacchin and Hamed Khosravi
Transitional Territories Studio, TUDelft jointly with Diploma Unit 7, Architecture Association School of Architecture.

 

— MSc3 One-day Symposium and Exhibition 
7th December, 2018
BK City – Berlagezaal 1 & 2
Curated/convened by  Taneha K. Bacchin with Filippo laFleur, Geert van der Meulen and TT Studio

Symposium: Territory as a Project / Exhibition: Parliament of the North Sea
Keynote/ special design critics:

Lars Lerup, Rice University / UC Berkeley; Luis Callejas, LCLA Office / Oslo School of Architecture
Dirk Sijmons, H+N+S Landscape Architects; Hamed Khosravi, AA School of Architecture

* The lecture series program and symposium are public.

 

Transitional Territories Studio
North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence

Studio Leader:
dr.arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
Guest Professor:
prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons
Researcher:
ir. Filippo laFleur
ir. Geert van der Meulen

Instructors/ Mentors:
Architecture & Urbanism
dr.arch.
Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
Architecture
arch.
Stefano Milani
dr.arch.
Nicola Marzot
Urbanism
dr.
Fransje Hooimeijer
dr. Diego Carmona Sepulveda
dr.arch. Luisa Calabrese
Landscape Architecture
dr.
Daniele Cannatella
Building Technology
ir. Sjap Holst

Scales and subjects:
Territory
Infrastructure
Landscape
Ground
Body

Studio Themes:
State of Exception
New biopolitical order of the North Sea: ecology, energy, protein
Infrastructural Form
Where architecture, city, and territory meet
Fourth Nature
The rise of landscape as counter economy
The Last Lands
The architecture of the fluid ground

 

Transitional Territories Studio 2018-2019 North Sea

“I am most touched by those places where damage and grace are inextricably entangled.”
Frank Gohlke, Thoughts on Landscape

Courtesy of Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC @ visibleearth.nasa.gov

Courtesy of Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC @ visibleearth.nasa.gov

Transitional Territories Studio 2018-2019
North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence.
Altered Natures and the Architecture of Extremes

In collaboration with
MVI North Sea Energy Lab — Special Workshop and Lecture Series Program
UNESCO-IHE
TUDelft DIMI

Joint Design Studio
AA Architectural Association School of Architecture, London

Studio Leader
dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, t.bacchin (at) tudelft.nl

Special Guest Professor
prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons
H+N+S Landscape Architects / MVI North Sea Energy Lab

Instructors/ Mentors

Architecture & Urbanism

dr.ir.
Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin

Architecture
ir.
Stefano Milani (responsible instructor Architecture & Public Building)
dr.ir.
Nicola Marzot

Urbanism

dr.
Fransje Hooimeijer
dr. Diego Sepulveda Carmona

Landscape Architecture

dr. Steffen Nijhuis
ir.
Denise Piccinini

Building Technology

ir. Sjap Holst

Graduation Sections
Urban Design
Architecture & Public Building
Environmental Modelling
Landscape Architecture
Hydraulic Structures & Flood Risk
Policy Analysis


Transitional Territories is an interdisciplinary design studio (architecture, urbanism, landscape architecture, hydraulic structures and flood risk, policy analysis) with a strong emphasis on the translation of research output into design concepts. During the graduation year students will develop an analytic, critical and conceptual approach to design and learn how to use research and design methods such as system analysis (spatial and temporal dimensions), perception/ phenomenology/ narration, performative/ process based design, and designing with uncertainty. The studio is founded on theories of complexity, territorialism, infrastructure space, landscape urbanism and ecology, environmental risk and transition management (dynamic adaptation).

For the academic year 2018-2019 Transitional Territories Studio focuses on the North Sea territory and its altered state as an outcome of increased urbanisation and environmental degradation, and by the consequences of extreme weather and resource scarcity. These modifications take place and are represented in different levels – from the transcalar and often invisible levels of processes to the scale of the architecture.

The studio will explore the altered geography of the North Sea territory and the possibility of a new development logic between land and sea. Therefore, in the North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio we would anticipate modifications that are expected to happen and project new spatial forms under a revised territorial narrative.

Landscapes of Coexistence — A territorial perspective
Historically, the North Sea has been a contested territory. While bordering the mainland Europe it has been often turned into a platform for geopolitical affairs with the UK as well as the Nordic countries. Such strategic role has manifested itself in various military, religious, economic, and social ties and divides, which has consequently made the North Sea a confliction common ground. The ongoing refugee crisis or the Brexit are only very recent examples of such a long history. As a result, the sea is not seen anymore a periphery of Europe but rather a central territory and a point of departure through which the idea of Europe would be defined or challenged. Therefore, in the North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio we would celebrate these controversial aspects of the sea, not anymore as an extra-territorial space and a limit to the land, but rather as the main point an autonomous entity through which the political, environmental, economic and societal questions could be addressed. In this way any spatial proposition, whether landscape, urban or architectural, would be challenged and revisited through the lens of the North Sea as a referenced territory for new spatial interventions. Students are encouraged to redefine the role of the territory of the sea and particularly its land borders/ coastal cities, addressing the complex, yet not so visible, spatial, juridical, environmental and geopolitical natures of the North Sea.

 

North Sea Proteine Flows. Image Courtesy: Yelin Zhang (D-i Studio 2017-2018)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Studio Assignment

During the graduation year students will be asked to reflect on aspects of spatial morphology (scale, form, structure, performance), landform (geology, altimetry/bathymetry, topography), and the diachrony and diversity of mechanisms (e.g. logistics, energy production, coastal management, migration) re-shaping the North Sea continuously. TT studio individual projects will be sited in different geographic locations along the sea’s north and south coastlines. Within the scope of the TT studio, students will be able to formulate their fascination and choose their own assignment (design, engineering, policy) which can vary from buildings, constructions and public works to urban areas, landscapes and regions.

Studio Meta-Themes

– Risk and beyond: exploring a projective dimension towards the sea (and/or triggered by the sea), and in the specific context of the North Sea region

– Exploration of the limit: the notion of “limit” as conceptual framework at the base for an explorative design research in the North Sea region

– Water related design as a creative (or, conversely, innovative) form for reimagining Architecture/Urbanism/Landscape Architecture/Water Engineering purpose and their collective character

North Sea: 4 Studio Themes

1. North Sea as the State of Exception
Ecology, Power, and Infrastructure

2. E Mare Libertas
The Architecture of the Fluid Ground

3. Tomorrow, or the End of Time
Fourth Nature: A Manifesto 

4. Infrastructural Form
Where Architecture, City, and Territory meet

North Sea: 4 Geographies

1. North-west Denmark / South-west Norway coast
2. North-east Scotland coast
3. South-east England coast (Channel)
4. North France coast (Channel)

Troll C Platform. Image courtesy: Mihai Turtoi (D-i 2017-2018)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Studio objectives

  • To develop an innovative didactic exchange among the disciplines of Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Water Engineering and Policy Analysis
  • To operate analytical research at the large territorial scale of lowland regions
  • To formulate comprehensive Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Engineering and Policy design strategies (considering the different spatial and temporal scales relevant for the design)
  • To elaborate and apply a comprehensive Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Water Engineering and Policy Analysis research and innovative design methodologies
  • To prepare students to work on both research innovation and design projects in design offices and governmental departments

Learning objectives

  • Students will be able to operate analytical research at a large territorial scale of delta regions
  • Students specific architectural/urban/landscape/engineering/policy interscalar design task
  • Students will be able to share and integrate knowledge from other disciplines
  • Students will be able to formulate a highly individualised design approach
  • Students will be able to apply innovative design methodologies and creative techniques for their design
  • Students will be able to select and apply comprehensive constructive techniques
  • Students will be able to express and represent their design ideas at appropriate scales

Additional information please visit:
TUDelft Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment – MSc3/4 Studio TT 2018-2019

New Delta Urbanism Website / New D-i Studio 2017-2018 North Sea

New Delta Urbanism Website (site under construction, additional information soon!)

 

— Sign up for D-i Studio
North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence
Transitional Spaces, Infrastructure and Power
Download information folder D-i Studio 2017-2018

Fall Semester 2017-2018
Enrolment MSc 3/4 Studio Architecture & Urbanism tracks  (including the accompanying courses).
Studio’s Max. Capacity: 15 architecture students + 15 urbanism/ landscape architecture/ water engineering/ policy analysis students  

Additional information at TU Delft Enrolment
Coordinator dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, t.bacchin (at) tudelft.nl

Courtesy of The Future Commons 2070
Map C01 – Harwich to Hoek van Holland and Dover Strait.
Density of the Commons

North Sea – D-i Studio 2017-2018

Courtesy of Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC @ visibleearth.nasa.gov

Delta Interventions Studio 2017-2018
North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence.
Transitional Spaces, Infrastructure and Power.

See here: Year Final Studio Exhibition
See here: Graduation Days

In collaboration with
RCA Royal College of Art, London
AA School Architecture, London
UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education
Het Nieuwe Instituut

Joint Design Studio with
Dalhousie Architecture School – Halifax/ Canada

Studio Leader
dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, t.bacchin (at) tudelft.nl
Coordinators

dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
dr.ir. Hamed Khosravi

Instructors/ Mentors
Architecture & Urbanism
dr.ir.
Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
dr.ir. Hamed Khosravi
Architecture
ir. Stefano Milani
(Responsible Instructor for Architecture & Public Building)
dr.ir.
Nicola Marzot
Urbanism
dr.
Fransje Hooimeijer
dr. Diego Carmona Sepulveda
ir. Kristel Aalbers
ir. Filippo laFleur
Landscape Architecture
dr.ir.
Inge Bobbink
dr. Steffen Nijhuis
ir.
Denise Piccinini
Building Technology
ir. Sjap Holst

Student Assistant
Elise van Herwaarden

Graduation Sections
Urban Design
Architecture & Public Building
Environmental Modelling
Landscape Architecture
Policy Analysis
Hydraulic Structures & Flood Risk
Water Management


Delta Interventions (D-i) is an interdisciplinary graduation studio (architecture, urbanism, landscape architecture, hydraulic structures/ flood risk, water management, policy analysis) focusing on the transformations of delta/ coastal landscapes – the dynamic relation between natural processes and societal practices in both opportunities and threats for future urbanisation. D-i has a strong emphasis on the agency of spatial interventions in the production of territories, forming a narrative of space occupancy over time.  The studio takes stock of contemporary landscape urbanism theories and practice, next to the mutual relationships between architecture, engineering and territory, to explore potential paths forward in design thinking and practice.

For the academic year 2017-2018 Delta Interventions Studio focuses on the North Sea territory/region, particularly on its expected transformation driven by the consequences of extreme climate — recent studies (see ‘Nature’ article) concerning climate change scenarios suggest that by 2100 sea levels could rise up to 3 – 3.5 meters (instead of the 1.3 meter expected by the ‘extreme scenario’ of the Dutch Delta Program). 

D-i will explore the future geography of this common space and the possibility of a shifting position between land and water in which the sea becomes a transnational ground for climate adaptation strategies. As a landscape, the North Sea is the product of the dynamic relations between natural processes and the intensity of manmade activities. Its progressive urbanisation along the coastline creates disperse intensities structured by discontinuous and diverse infrastructure spaces.

Landscapes of Coexistence — A territorial perspective
Historically, the North Sea has been a contested territory. While bordering the mainland Europe it has been often turned into a platform for geopolitical affairs with the UK as well as the Nordic countries. Such strategic role has manifested itself in various military, religious, economic, and social ties and divides, which has consequently made the North Sea a confliction common ground. The ongoing refugee crisis or the Brexit are only very recent examples of such a long history. As a result, the sea is not seen anymore a periphery of Europe but rather a central territory and a point of departure through which the idea of Europe would be defined or challenged. Therefore, in the North Sea: Landscapes of Coexistence Studio we would celebrate these controversial aspects of the sea, not anymore as an extra-territorial space and a limit to the land, but rather as the main point an autonomous entity through which the political, environmental, economic and societal questions could be addressed. In this way any spatial proposition, whether landscape, urban or architectural, would be challenged and revisited through the lens of the North Sea as a referenced territory for new spatial interventions. Students are encouraged to redefine the role of the territory of the sea and particularly its land borders/ coastal cities, addressing the complex, yet not so visible, spatial, juridical, environmental and geopolitical natures of the North Sea for the design of spatial interventions that are informed by climate adaptation and clean energy futures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Studio Assignment

During the graduation year students will be asked to reflect on aspects of spatial morphology (scale, form, structure, performance), landform (geology, altimetry/bathymetry, topography), and the diachrony/ diversity of mechanisms (e.g. logistics, energy production, coastal management, migration) re-shaping the North Sea continuously. D-i studio individual projects will be sited in different geographic locations along the sea’s east and west coastlines. Within the scope of the D-i studio, students will be able to formulate their fascination and choose their own assignment (design, engineering, policy) which can vary from buildings, constructions and public works to urban areas, landscapes and regions.

Studio Meta-Themes

– Risk and beyond: exploring a projective dimension towards the sea (and/or triggered by the sea), and in the specific context of the North Sea region

– Exploration of the limit: the notion of “limit” as conceptual framework at the base for an explorative design research in the North Sea region

– Water related design as a creative (or, conversely, innovative) form for reimagining Architecture/Urbanism/Landscape Architecture/Water Engineering purpose and their collective character

North Sea: 4 Studio Themes

1. Imagination
North Sea as State of Exception
Poetics of Infrastructure

2. Re-Nature
A Third Nature Manifesto

3. The Limits of the City
From Cities to Urban Systems: Territorialism

4. Ecologies of Power
Political Ecology of Urban Form and Integrated Infrastructure Space

North Sea: 4 Geographies

1. North Netherlands-Germany – from Bremen (Weser Estuary) to Den Helder, including the northern dutch islands
2. Dutch-Flemish Delta – from Rotterdam to Antwerp
3. South-east UK coast – from the coast of Norwich to the Thames Estuary
4. Norwegian South-west coast – from Bergen to the Skagerrak Strait (Kristiansand)

Studio objectives

  • To develop an innovative didactic exchange among the disciplines of Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Water Engineering and Policy Analysis
  • To operate analytical research at the large territorial scale of delta regions
  • To formulate comprehensive Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Engineering and Policy design strategies (considering the different spatial and temporal scales relevant for the design)
  • To elaborate and apply a comprehensive Architecture, Urbanism, Landscape, Water Engineering and Policy Analysis research and innovative design methodologies
  • To prepare students to work on both research innovation and design projects in design offices and governmental departments

Learning objectives

  • Students will be able to operate analytical research at a large territorial scale of delta regions
  • Students specific architectural/urban/landscape/engineering/policy interscalar design task
  • Students will be able to share and integrate knowledge from other disciplines
  • Students will be able to formulate a highly individualised design approach
  • Students will be able to apply innovative design methodologies and creative techniques for their design
  • Students will be able to select and apply comprehensive constructive techniques
  • Students will be able to express and represent their design ideas at appropriate scales

Courtesy of H+N+S: NORTH SEA+ENERGY 2050 – An Energetic Odyssey. Commissioned Study for IABR 2016  > See video 

Courtesy of OMA – Zeekracht, The North Sea – Netherlands. Commissioned Study for Natuur en Milieu 2008 > See report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Students

Architecture
Ailsa Craigen/ Deniz Üstem/ Efrain Fajardo Ibarra/ Elise van Herwaarden/ Fathima Nafeesa Hamza/ Gerben van den Oever/ Joanna Kosowicz/ Julia Holtland/ Karlijn Scholtens/ Mihai Turtoi/ Xiaoyue Hu

Urbanism
Aikaterina Myserli / Alexandra Farmazon/ Jan Michael Cyganski/ Jie Wang/ Junzhong Chen/ Neil Moncrieff/ Niroopa/ Qing Ma/ Shaoning Wu/ Ye Hu/ Yelin Zhang/ Yi-Chuan Huang/ Wenxin Jin

Landscape Architecture
Malou Visser

Water Management
Geert van der Meulen

Delta Interventions Studio 2017-2018 @ North Sea Field Trip. With Dalhousie Architecture School Joint Design Studio. October 2017, Lincoln, South-East England, UK

San Francisco Bay, USA

Courtesy of EROS Data Center

Delta Interventions Studio 2016-2017 (first round of graduations July 2017)
San Francisco Bay – Resilience by Design.
Designing for uncertain delta-landscape futures.

Joint Design Studio
TU Delft / UC Berkeley College of Environmental Design
Supported by DIMI Delft Deltas, Infrastructure & Mobility Initiative

UC Berkeley 
Advanced Urban Design Studio
Responsible Instructor/ Coordinator
prof.dr.ir. Peter Bosselmann

TU Delft
Responsible Instructor/ Coordinator
dr.ir. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, t.bacchin (at) tudelft.nl
Professors
prof.dr.ir. Han Meyer (emeritus)
prof.ir. Frits Palmboom (emeritus)

Instructors/ Mentors
Architecture & Urbanism
dr.ir.
Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
Architecture
ir. Stefan de Koning
Urbanism
dr.
Fransje Hooimeijer
dr. Diego Carmona Sepulveda
ir. Kristel Aalbers
Landscape Architecture
dr.ir.
Inge Bobbink
Building Technology
ir. Sjap Holst

Teaching Assistant
ir. Filippo laFleur

Graduation Sections
Urban Design
Architecture & Public Building
Environmental Modelling
Landscape Architecture
Policy Analysis
Hydraulic Structures & Flood Risk
Water Management


Delta Interventions (D-i) is an interdisciplinary graduation studio (architecture, urbanism, landscape architecture, hydraulic structures/ flood risk, water management, policy analysis) focusing on the transformations of delta landscapes – the dynamic relation between natural processes and societal practices in both opportunities and threats for future urbanisation. D-i has a strong emphasis on the agency of spatial interventions in the production of territories. The studio investigates the possibilities to combine flood protection and water management strategies with urban design, landscape design and spatial planning, aiming at improving spatial forms and structures in urban and metropolitan delta regions. Part of Delta Urbanism Interdisciplinary Research Group, the studio develops design and planning approaches and methods which contribute to make urban delta landscapes more sustainable, attractive and adaptive.

For the academic year 2016-2017 the focus of the studio will be the assignment provided by the ‘Bay Area Resilience by Design Challenge’ launched in April 2016 by Chief Resiliency Officers from San Francisco, Oakland, and Berkeley, Bay Conservation and Development Commission, Association of Bay Area Governments, Bay Area Regional Collaborative, San Francisco Estuary Institute, SPUR, the Climate Readiness Institute, and the California Coastal Conservancy. Inspired by ‘New York’s Rebuild by Design’ the design competition aims at addressing challenges affecting the resiliency of San Francisco Bay Area neighbourhoods, environment, and infrastructure in an era of climate uncertainty. In collaboration with the University of California, Berkeley, College of Environmental Design, Delta Interventions Studio seeks to develop innovative projects to increase Bay Area’s adaptive capacity and local area performance in response to future uncertainty in climate and urbanisation patterns.

Within this scope of the delta, students are free to follow their fascination and choose their own assignment (design, engineering, policy and management) which can vary from buildings, constructions and public works to urban areas, landscapes and regions.

Courtesy of DigitalGlobe @ visibleearth.nasa.gov

Image copyright GeoEye @ visibleearth.nasa.gov

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Students

Architecture
Bjorn Marsman/ Dinah Carolina Pastor/ Felix Ahuis/ Gijs Beckman/ Lujia Xu/ Sacha Noorlander/
Tijs Niessen/ Zhuting Li/ Mehran Samiyi/ Licheng Wang

Urbanism
Supriya Krishnan/ Sergio Abraham Berumen/ Milburn Sumanth Subbarao/ Pim Monsma/ Seul Lee/
Sahil Ajay/ Kanekar Rahul Dewan/ Max Suijkerbuijk/ Jeroen van der Kwaak/ Lisanne Viergeves/
Menghan Zheng/ Peter Steehouder

Landscape Architecture
Leyang Chen/ Menghan Fu/ Jiayan Tan

Technology, Policy & Management (elective course)
Nishchal Sardjoe

Water Management (elective course)
Geert van der Meulen

Delta Interventions Studio 2016-2017 @ San Francisco Bay Field Trip/ UC Berkeley Joint Design Studio. October 2016, Hunters Point, SF, California

 

 

 

Joint Design Studio Concept
Text by 
Prof. Peter Bosselmann
College of Environmental Design/ University of California at Berkeley/ Master Program in the Design of Urban Places/ Urban Places Advanced Studio

San Francisco Bay is a tidal estuary of the Pacific Ocean connected to the inland delta of the Sacramento and San Joachim Rivers. The landform in which the Bay resides has a roughly 500,000 year history. Here estuaries existed 7 times, each time during interglacial periods. In its current form the Bay existed for approximately 8.000 years. Tidal estuaries form a water to land transition zone. By the mid 1800’s the Bay had formed an estuarine to terrestrial transition zone of over 250,000 acres or 110,000 ha. This large area is referred to as the baylands. Prior to urbanisation this transition zone was primarily made up of tidal marshes and tidal mud flats. The use of the baylands changed greatly in the 200 years of urbanisation. Approximately 50.000 acres of reclaimed land were added.  In the year 2000 only 60,000 acres of tidal marshes and tidal flats remained. The baylands in their changed condition still exist at roughly at the same low elevations. It is this transition zone that is most precious as society confronts sea level rise. Here design decisions have to be made. Some designs include tidal marsh restoration that also protects upland conditions from sea level rise. These restorations are referred to as soft edge solutions. Approximately 9,000 acres of restored tidal marshes have been added since 1999. In other areas decisions still have to be made with a current emphasis on restoring the transition zone. That leaves around 84,000 acres where urbanisation has occupied lands close to the water’s edge and where hard edge solutions will be necessary. For the landscape ecologist these 84,000 acres are degraded ecosystems or patches. For an urban designer the design of such patches needs to include human activities, sometimes intensely human, allowing people, sometimes in great numbers, access right up to the water’s edge. It is the design of such places that is most challenging. Residing in proximity to water, overlooking water, stepping down to water, sensing water on approach to the shoreline—these are profoundly human experiences that sustain human life in cities; especially the life of those who live in cities near water. The dichotomy implied in these words between designing in support of natural processes and designing for human needs and values will be reflected in our studio work.

The discussion about the design of the transition zone between water and land has been discussed since 1965, when the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission was established. A more current discussion about the future of the transition zone is only in the beginning stages as the sciences about the consequences of climate change have become better known. The design of the transition zone requires a balance between engineering solutions that protect the functions of communities, and the repair or reconstruction of ecological systems. Cities around San Francisco Bay are discussing adaptation strategies with built-in redundancies. Such strategies introduce multiple and overlapping designs to create redundancy in the defense against flooding. Wherever available space permits, redundancy is preferred over a single line of defense. Redundancy increases safety in the long run.

The danger is that the maps showing projected inundations of the transition zone by some date in the distant or not so distant future will scare society into making major mistakes that would have otherwise never been considered.   I would consider it a mistake, if for example infrastructure funding to improve bridges and highways would make large coastal engineering protection measures feasible without examining more benign interventions. A moveable barrier at the Golden Gate between San Francisco and Marin County would be such a mistake.  Mistakes will be made; an approach to design is necessary that is incremental and allows us to repair mistakes. Much more frequently than in the past, the context of climate change forces designers to ask, how do we repair our designs, if they fail?

To start our work we will travel to different locations around San Francisco Bay. We will draw a transect over the baylands to select locations that are representative of the transition zone between land and water. From such a survey we will select 10 sites that will potentially become the sites for the actual 2017 competition. Individually, or in small groups we will produce “tentative designs”. I have borrowed the term tentative design from Giancarlo di Carlo, the Italian architect and educator who coined the term to clarify that spatial design is like any other form of decision making effort. To approach a decision in the context of many interrelated variables a designer works on spatial solutions to test the implications of decisions made.  Such a process can only be tentative at first, done by a designer who keeps an open mind about initial solutions and understands that revisions and changes will become necessary.

New York City – Hudson River / East River, USA

Courtesy of NASA/GSFC/MITI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team @ visibleearth.nasa.gov

Delta Interventions Studio 2013-2014 – New York, Hudson River/ East River, USA.
Under the framework of the design competition ‘Rebuilt by Design’