“A landscape is not a natural feature of the environment but a ‘synthetic’ space, a man-made system of spaces superimposed on the face of the land, functioning and evolving (…) a composition of man-made spaces to serve as infrastructure or background for our collective existence”
— J.B. Jackson
— Transitional territories: spatio-temporal transformations of land, riverine and maritime landscapes
The theme focuses on the question of urbanisation as the outcome of ever-changing interrelations between socio-ecological systems. We aim to research new forms of living and architecture that are informed by these interrelations, exploring the notions of connectivity, synchronicity, sensitivity, risk, and emergence as instances of urbanisation. At the core is the idea of the agency of design in disclosing new spatial relations, narratives and values through time.
The interdisciplinary graduation studio ‘Transitional Territories’ related to this theme focuses on a projective approach to land/waterscapes — exploring the programmatic dimension and the changing nature of territories at risk.
Theme Leaders: dr.arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, dr.arch. Hamed Khosravi
With: prof.dr.ir. Han Meyer, prof.ir. Dirk Sijmons, dr. Fransje Hooimeijer, dr. Diego Sepulveda, dr. Jos Timmermans, dr. Daniele Cannatella, dr.arch. Nicola Marzot, arch. Stefano Milani, ir. Filippo LaFleur, ir. Geert van der Meulen
Related Research Projects: DeSIRE 4TU /JPI Urban Europe Green/Blue Cities / Integrated Planning and Design in the Delta (IPDD)
Related Publications/ Examples: Meyer, V.J., Van den Berg, J., Bregt, A., Broesi, R., Dammers, E., Edelenbos, J., Nieuwenhuijze, L. and Roeleveld, G. (2013). New perspectives for urbanizing deltas : a complex adaptive systems approach to planning and design : Integrated Planning and Design in the Delta (IPDD). Amsterdam, MUST Publisher – 233p.
Related Education: Transitional Territories Graduation Studio
Related Graduation Projects/ Examples: – van der Meulen, G. (2018) New Netherlands: Towards transitional flood risk management anticipating to extreme future sea level rise scenarios. TUDelft CEG/A+BE/TPM MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Cygansky, J. (2018) Everything Remains Transformed. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018./ – Zhang, Y. (2018). Sharing Fluid Ground: A Landscape of Co-existence Building upon the Unstable “New Land” Along the Coast of Stavanger. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Krishnan, S. (2017) The Middle Ground: Spatial Planning Under Uncertainty. EMU Post-Master in Urbanism – TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2017.
— Constructed natures
Beyond the limits of the city: cultivating territories as a counteract to extreme weather and environmental loss
In face of continual violation of the natural environment caused by human-induced forcings, an altered state of earth systems is now seen in geological, ecological, and climatic terms. A diverse landscape is formed, where organisms and inorganic matter interact in natural and artificial ways, affected by pollution, higher frequency of extreme weather events, scarcity and/or excess of nutrients and water. Reflecting on this altered state, this theme aims to look at the coupling of infrastructure and environmental designs in the development of new models of practice and new pairings of program. Having the focus on the ground as resource and design space, we aim at researching the spatial, societal, economic and environmental impacts of new constructed natures as the most essential infrastructural strategy supporting earth systems rehabilitation and a revised notion of urbanisation. Specifically we aim to research the possibility of plantation and cultivation as a large-scale infrastructural project and as a strategy of carbon mitigation/ adaptation/ compensation along with the formation of economies that rely on the material stream’s management of these new ecological zones.
The theme emphasis on the development of two interlocking tracks:
1. (Space) Regionalization as reterritorialization aims at showing the spatial impact of the intensification of new paired programs and functions in the region’s mosaic.
2. (Time) Synchronization of landscape change (i.e. nature dynamics), climate, and urban programming.
Research by design and advanced representational techniques (horizontal, vertical, temporal and composite) are employed to depict new assemblages of spaces, ecologies of scales (succession / management) and economies in time (governance, actors and industries).
Theme Leaders: dr.arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, ir. Filippo LaFleur
With: dr. Fransje Hooimeijer
Related Research Projects: NEXT-EXTREMES: Constructed Natures | JPI Urban Europe Green/Blue Cities
Related Publications: Bacchin, T.K. (2015) Performative Nature. TUDelft A+BE – UNESCO-IHE PhD thesis, Delft, December 2015. | LaFleur, F. (2016) Re-Territorialization. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, November 2016.
Related Education: Transitional Territories Graduation Studio / EMU Post-Master in Urbanism Spring Semester
Related Graduation Projects/ Examples: – Farmazon, A. (2018) Reversed Risk: Protective | Productive cycle based on tidal force in estuarine territories. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Myserli, A. (2018). Re-Natured Economy: From pollutants to productive landscapes. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Moncrieff, N. (2018) A non-straightforward archipelago: Speculative strategies for enriching the ecological and cultural landscapes of the Dutch Southwest Delta. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018./ – Wong, C. (2018) Intertwined Natures: Towards Territorial Cohesion & Flood Risk Adaptation in Lambayeque, Peru. EMU Post-Master in Urbanism – TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018.
— Metropolitan delta landscapes: water systems as a mean of spatial improvement
The explosive character of urban development in many deltas leads often to chaotic and fragmented urban patterns, combined with an increase of flood risk, an exhaustion and erosion of the territory and the deterioration of the ecosystem. The question is how a new (and necessary) organisation of the water system can contribute to halt the erosion of the territory and to reduce flood risk, as well as to improve the spatial coherence and the ecological quality of the delta region.
Theme Leaders: dr. Steffen Nijhuis, dr.arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
With prof.dr.ir. Han Meyer, dr. Fransje Hooimeijer, dr.ir. Inge Bobbink, dr. Diego Sepulveda, dr. Daniele Cannatella, dr. Nikki Brand, dr. Baukje Kothuis, ir. Janneke van Bergen
Related Research Projects: Adaptive Urban Transformation (AUT) / ShoreScape / Integrated Planning and Design in the Delta (IPDD)
Related Publications/ Examples: Meyer, H., Nijhuis, S., & Bobbink, I. (Eds.). (2010). Delta urbanism: the Netherlands. American Planning Association/ Techne Press / Kothuis, B. & Kok, M. (Eds.). (2017) Integral Design of Multifunctional Flood Defences. Multidisciplinary approaches and examples. Delft University Publishers, Delft University Library. / Meijer, V.J., Peters, R., Bacchin, T.K., Hooimeijer, F., Nijhuis, S. (2016) A plea for putting the issue of Urbanizing Deltas on the New Urban Agenda, UN Habitat III. Delta Alliance, TUDelft & Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Related Education: Transitional Territories Graduation Studio / Flowscapes Graduation Studio
Related Graduation Projects/ Examples: – Novkovikj, M. (2018) Open space as a structuring device: Towards integrating territory. EMU Post Master in Urbanism – TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Akrivou, M. (2018) Riverscapes _ A dialogue between Rhine and cityscapes: [The case of Arnhem]. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. /- Ayu Tri, P. (2018) The Living Estuary: A Study of Developing Landscape Spatial Adaptive Strategies to Integrate the Water, Ecosystem and Anthropo-Dynamics in the Estuary of Volta Delta, Ghana TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Kanekar, S. (2017) Land | Waterscape as projective infrastructure: To condition landscape as an infrastructure addressing hydrological uncertainties within deltaic territories. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2017.
— Water sensitive cities and neighbourhoods
Urban spaces and landscapes in deltas, coastal/ maritime and riverine regions are the result interventions by a number of institutions, responsible for different tasks such as urban design, flood risk management, water management, traffic control. We aim to explore how collaboration and integration of these different tasks can lead to new designs, with more spatial coherence and quality, more possibilities for adaptation-pathways and substantial cost-reduction
Theme Leaders: dr. Fransje Hooimeijer, dr.arch. Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin
With: prof.dr.ir. Arjan van Timmeren, dr. Steffen Nijhuis, dr.ir. Inge Bobbink, dr. Diego Sepulveda, ir. Filippo LaFleur
Related Research Projects: DeSIRE 4TU / NEXT-EXTREMES: Constructed Natures / Resilient Infrastructure and Environment / JPI Urban Europe Green/Blue Cities
Related Publications/ Examples: Hooimeijer, F. (2014) The Making of Polder Cities: A Fine Tradition. Jap Sam Books. p. 264 / Bacchin, T.K. (2015) Performative Nature. TUDelft A+BE – UNESCO-IHE PhD thesis, Delft, December 2015.
Related Education: Transitional Territories Graduation Studio / Flowscapes Graduation Studio / EMU Post-Master in Urbanism Spring Semester
Related Graduation Projects/ Examples: – Junzhong, C. (2018) Reverse: Urban landscape Infrastructure Design Based on Carrying Capacity of Landscape Structure Towards New Urbanization Logic – TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. /- Böing, D. (2018) Surges of the 21st Century: Addressing flood risk, public- and ecological value through urban regeneration, to reduce socio-economic pressure and flood risk in coastal areas. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – Dewan, R. (2017) Tragedy of the Commons?: Local Adaptation to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of sea level rise in San Francisco Bay Area. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2017. / LaFleur, F. (2016) Re-Territorialization. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, November 2016. / – Andrusenko, E. (2015) Versatile London: Water resilient urban design in fast changing conditions. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, June 2015.
— Intelligent subsurface design
The theme focuses on the urban renewal of (delta) metropolises and concentrates on the question how to design resilient, durable (subsurface) infrastructure in urban renewal projects using parameters of the natural system – linking in an efficient way (a) water cycle, (b) soil and subsurface conditions, (c) soil improvement technology, and (d) opportunities in urban renewal (e.g. urban growth or shrinkage). The subsurface is the technical space, the engine room of a city, housing the vital functions of water, electricity, sewers and drainage, but also housing the natural system that is crucial for a stable, green, healthy and livable city. Especially the effects of climate change, the boosts for an energy transition and the fact that there are less financial mean makes the intelligent use of the subsurface more important. The question “how can the different technological artefacts in the subsurface be synchronized offering more space and adding to a better urban quality?” is answered by working with the municipality in an interdisciplinary explorative research and design.
Theme Leader: dr. Fransje Hooimeijer
With: Lafleur, F., van de Ven, F.H.M., Clemens, F.H.L.R., Broere, W., Laumann, S.J., Klaassen, R.G., Marinetti, C.
Related Research Projects: Intelligent SUBsurface Quality – I / Intelligent SUBsurface Quality – II / Resilient Infrastructure and Environment
Related Publications/ Examples: Hooimeijer, F. L., & Maring, L. (2018). The significance of the subsurface in urban renewal. Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability, 1-26.
Related Education: Transitional Territories Graduation Studio / EMU Post-Master in Urbanism Spring Semester
Related Graduation Projects/ Examples: van Loenen, A. (2018) Waterproof Gouda: The creation of new spatial pathways to connect climate sustainability with monumental preservation. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / Nasiem, V. (2018) Activate resilience of the Miyagi coast. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, July 2018. / – van der Graaf, P.C. (2014) Using the subsoil in the urban design process. TUDelft A+BE MSc thesis, December 2014.
— Design as a way of research